Factors Affecting Urbanization in Makassar City

  • Andi Nur Fitrianti Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar
  • Andi Nur Achsanuddin Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar
  • Sherry Adelia Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar
Keywords: Minimum Wage, Job Opportunity, Urbanization


This study aims to determine the factors that influence urbanization in the city of Makassar. The type of research used in this research is quantitative research. The data processed is secondary data from Minimum Wage, Job Opportunities, and Urbanization in Makassar City. The results of our study show that, partially, the minimum wage has a positive and significant effect on the occurrence of urbaniza-tion in Makassar City. People urbanize in Makassar City because they want to get wages higher than wages in their area of origin. These results illustrate that the minimum wage has a positive impact on economic growth by accumulating human capital. The implications of the minimum wage on welfare will be realized in a competitive economy. Partially, Job Opportunities have a positive and significant impact on the occur-rence of urbanization in Makassar City. This is because an increase in job opportunities in an area will cre-ate a demand for labor which is also increasing. It will also increase the level of urbanization because job opportunities are identical to the income expected by the community in the future.


Download data is not yet available.


Adam, F. P. (2010). Tren urbanisasi di indonesia. Piramida, 6(1), 1–15.

Agusta, A. (2013). Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Mobilitas Penduduk Ke Desa Kota Bangun Dua Kecamatan Kota Bangun Kabupaten Kutai Kartanegara. Jurnal Pemerintahan, 1(2), 862–874.

Amar, S., Ariusni, A., & Satrianto, A. (2018). Pull Factors Affecting The Jobseekers Decision to Do Urbanization. First Padang International Conference on Economics Education, Economics, Business and Management, Accounting and Entrepreneurship (PICEEBA 2018), 410–417.

Chen, Y.-C. (2018). Effects of urbanization on municipal solid waste composition. Waste Management, 79, 828–836.

Firman, T. (2015). Urbanisasi, persebaran penduduk dan tata ruang di Indonesia. Jurnal Perencanaan Wilayah Dan Kota, 7(21), 66–72.

Gotham, K. F., & King, A. J. (2019). Urbanization. The Wiley Blackwell Companion to Sociology, 267–282.

Harahap, F. R. (2013). Dampak urbanisasi bagi perkembangan kota di Indonesia. Society, 1(1), 35–45.

MacDonald, I. T. (2017). Introduction. The Urbanization of Union Strategy and Struggle. In Unions and the City (pp. 1–26). Cornell University Press.

McKinney, M. L. (2008). Effects of urbanization on species richness: a review of plants and animals. Urban Ecosystems, 11(2), 161–176.

Ochoa, J. J., Tan, Y., Qian, Q. K., Shen, L., & Moreno, E. L. (2018). Learning from best practices in sustainable urbanization. Habitat International, 78, 83–95.

Saghir, J., & Santoro, J. (2018). Urbanization in Sub-Saharan Africa. Meeting Challenges by Bridging Stakeholders. Washington, DC, USA: Center for Strategic & International Studies.

Sugiyono, S. (2010). Metode penelitian kuantitatif dan kualitatif dan R&D. Alfabeta Bandung.

Tadjoeddin, Z., & Mercer-Blackman, V. (2018). Urbanization & Labor Productivity in Indonesia. Indonesia: Enhancing Productivity Through Quality Jobs, Edited by E. Ginting, C. Manning and K. Taniguchi, 130–169.

Tripathi, S., & Rani, C. (2018). The impact of agricultural activities on urbanization: Evidence and implications for India. International Journal of Urban Sciences, 22(1), 123–144.

Unger, J., & Siu, K. (2019). Chinese migrant factory workers across four decades: shifts in work conditions, urbanization, and family strategies. Labor History, 60(6), 765–778.

Warner Jr, S. E., & Whitehurst, F. D. (1987). Inconsistency in inventory loss measurements under the LCM rule. Journal of Accounting Education, 5(2), 277–285.

How to Cite
Fitrianti, A. N., Achsanuddin, A. N., & Adelia, S. (2021). Factors Affecting Urbanization in Makassar City. Point Of View Research Economic Development, 2(1), 32-41. Retrieved from https://journal.accountingpointofview.id/index.php/POVRED/article/view/154